History – Prehistoric and Stone Age

During the Jurassic period (about 200 million years ago to 140 million years ago), South Marston was beneath a warm shallow sea. During this time the Corallian Beds were deposited. Unsurprisingly this means that there are vast deposits of fossil coral beneath the village. However, most of it is covered by Kimmeridge clay. This was deposited towards the end of the Jurassic when the sea became deeper.
The pictures below show typical Corallian fossils found in the area:
Two views of an ammonite fragment.
Two small ammonites, some belemnite fragments and some bivalves.
A large coral and a close-up to show the detail.
A selection of coral pieces.
The bivalves are similar to Palaeonucula calliope. Others fossils have been found including a spiral shell similar to Anchura pennata. Iron stone is also evident in places.
Next time you’re digging in the garden take care, the remains of aquatic dinosaurs have been found in the Kimmeridge clay of Swindon.

During the Jurassic period (about 200 million years ago to 140 million years ago), South Marston was beneath a warm shallow sea. During this time the Corallian Beds were deposited. Unsurprisingly this means that there are vast deposits of fossil coral beneath the village. However, most of it is covered by Kimmeridge clay. This was deposited towards the end of the Jurassic when the sea became deeper.

The pictures below show typical Corallian fossils found in the area:

  • Two views of an ammonite fragment.
  • Two small ammonites, some belemnite fragments and some bivalves.
  • A large coral and a close-up to show the detail.
  • A selection of coral pieces.

The bivalves are similar to Palaeonucula calliope. Others fossils have been found including a spiral shell similar to Anchura pennata. Iron stone is also evident in places.

Next time you’re digging in the garden take care, the remains of aquatic dinosaurs have been found in the Kimmeridge clay of Swindon.

Sources and links

There are many good Internet sources to be found, including:

The Jurassic geology of Great Britain:http://www.soton.ac.uk/~imw/Geology-Britain.htm

Search for “Midvale Ridge”: http://www.swindon.gov.uk/landscape_spg__may_05_.pdf

Useful geology maps: http://www.wiltshire.gov.uk/east_wiltshire_landscape_character_assessment_part_1_maps_-_fig.2_geology.pdf

The British Geological Survey at: http://www.bgs.ac.uk/education/timeline/entertimeline.html

Search for “South Marston”: http://www.redorbit.com/




Stone Age

500,000 BC to 2,300 BC

The Ridgeway, three miles to the south of South Marston, was a major route for nomadic tribes of hunter-gatherers who used stone & bone for tools & weapons.

Friendly Club Outing – August 2009

Tuesday 11th August 2009

The day trip to Buckingham Palace went well. We arrived early and were allowed in before our allotted time. This proved useful as we were allowed to move through the Palace at our own individual pace. The audio guide gave you the opportunity to choose as much information as you wanted to learn about the exhibits. We stopped at Hampton Court on the return journey but did not have time to loose anyone in the maze.

Friendly Club Bucklers Hard -2009

Tuesday 23rd June 2009

Our outing to Bucklers Hard, a themed 18th Century Village, was warm and sunny and an interesting day. The history museum of Bucklers Hard was very interesting. The outward journey took us through the New Forest. We spent a pleasant 30 minutes on a boat cruise on the Beaulieu River after which we roamed around the village and had refreshments. On the return trip we called at Lyndhurst in the centre of the New Forest.

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